Many books, journals, newspapers, websites and other sources have been used in compiling Chronomedia. Bearing in mind that the material has been gathered over a period of more than 30 years, some sources used to check a single reference may not have been recorded at the time and have been forgotten.
In response to a number of requests from readers for more details and/or clarification, a fresh start has been made on compiling a list of references. This should allow more transparency in determining sources of information. In future, a reference number will be added to entries, where appropriate, with a link to this page. An attempt will also be made to add such references retrospectively
to existing entries.
The icon will take you back to the page you came from.
0001 Albert Abramson: Electronic Motion Pictures. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1955. Reprinted New York: Arno Press, 1974. [Thanks to Patrick von Sychowski for lending a copy.]
0002 John Barnes: The Beginnings of the Cinema in England 1894-1901. 5 volumes with revisions. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1976-1998.
0003 Andrew Bibby, Cathy Denford and Jerry Cross: Local Television: Piped dreams? Milton Keynes: Redwing Press, 1979.
0004 Robert Bridges (ed): The BBC's Recommendations for Pronouncing Doubtful Words. SPE Tract no XXXII. London: Clarendon Press, 1929, 3rd imp 1931.
0005 Asa Briggs: History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom. Oxford: OUP, 5 volumes.
a Volume I. The Birth of Broadcasting. 1961
b Volume II. The Golden Age of Wireless. 1965
c Volume III. The War of Words. 1970
d Volume IV. Sound and Vision. 1979
e Volume V. Competition. 1995
0006 Joel W Finler: The Hollywood Story. London: Octopus Books, 1988.
0007 Ivan Harris: History of the CBC. Ottawa: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1976.
0008 Melvin Harris: ITN Book of Firsts: The invention and origin of nearly everything. London: Michael O'Mara Books, 1994.
0009 Paul A Harris: When Pirates Ruled the Waves. Aberdeen: Impulse Publications, 1968. 4th edn, August 1970.
0010 Penelope Houston: Keepers of the Frame: The film archives. London: British Film Institute, 1994.
0011 Peter M Lewis: Community Television and Cable in Britain. London: British Film Institute, 1978.
0012 Lawrence Lichty and Malachi Topping (eds): American Broadcasting. New York, Hastings House, 1975.
0013 Geoffrey Nowell-Smith (ed): The Oxford History of World Cinema. Oxford: OUP, 1996.
0014 George Perry: The Great British Picture Show. London: Pavilion Books in association with Michael Joseph, 1974. 2nd edn, 1985.
0015 Patrick Robertson: The Guinness Book of Film Facts and Feats. Enfield: Guinness Superlatives, 1980.
especially for identifying first film productions
0016 Royal Television Society History and Archives Group: Television Buildings. London, Royal Television Society, June 1997.
0017 Anthony Smith (ed): British Broadcasting. Newton Abbott: David & Charles, 1974.
0018 Vestry House Museum, Walthamstow: "Flickering Screens: Film Studios and Cinemas in Waltham Forest" exhibition, December 1991.
0019 Patricia Warren: British Film Studios, An illustrated history. London, B T Batsford, 1995.
0020 Shell Book of Firsts.
0021 The Guardian and BBC Worldwide: The Guardian Century CD-ROM. London, 2000.
0022 Kine Yearbook.
0023 Whitakers Almanack, various years.
0024 Who's Who of Victorian Cinema website.
0025 Scott Eyman: The Speed of Sound: Hollywood and the talkie revolution 1926-1930. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997. An excellent and detailed report of the transition.
0026 Journal of the SMPTE.
a Vol 60,1, January 1959
b E I Sponable: 'Historical Development of Sound Films', Vol 48,4, April 1947
0027 Elisabeth Weis and John Belton (eds): Film Sound: Theory and Practice, Columbia University Press, 1985.
0028 Association of Motion Picture Sound Newsletter Spring 1994.
0029 Daily Chronicle, 27 August 1913.
0030 The British Film Industry, PEP (Political and Economic Planning), London, May 1952.
0031 Thomas Cripps: Hollywood's High Noon: Movemaking and society before television. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.
0032 Joseph Burstyn, Inc. v. Wilson, Commissioner of Education of New York, et al. No 552, Supreme Court of the United States 343 U.S. 495. 1952 [The full text is available online.]
0033 Rachael Low: Film Making in 1930s Britain. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1985.
0034 Personal communication from Gergely Juhαsz, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium. [Thank you!] References: G Latrι: 'The 1535 Coverdale Bible and Its Antwerp Origins' in Orlaith O'Sullivan (ed): The Bible as book. The Reformation. London: British Library, 2000; P Arblaster, G Juhasz and G Latrι (eds): Tyndale's Testament. Turnhout: Brepols, 2002
0035 Michael Wakelin: J Arthur Rank, The man behind the gong. Oxford: Lion Publishing, 1996.
0036 Kristin Thompson: 'The Rise and Fall of Film Europe' in Andrew Higson and Richard Maltby (eds): "Film Europe" and "Film America": Cinema, commerce and cultural exchange 1920-1939. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1999.
0038 Richard Maltby: 'The Cinema and the League of Nations' in Andrew Higson and Richard Maltby (eds): "Film Europe" and "Film America": Cinema, commerce and cultural exchange 1920-1939. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1999.
0039 League of Nations Photo Archive, Indiana University Center for the Study of Global Change, Bloomington, Indiana.
0040 Thomas H Guback: The International Film Industry: Western Europe and America since 1945. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1969.
0041 Andrew Higson and Richard Maltby (eds): "Film Europe" and "Film America": Cinema, commerce and cultural exchange 1920-1939. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 1999.
0042 Parliament of Australia Parliamentary Library website.
0043 Radio Vatican website.
0044 Maurice Gorham: Sound and Fury: Twenty-one years in the BBC. London: Percival Marshall, 1948.
0045 J Habermas: The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An inquiry into a category of bourgeois society. London: Polity Press, 1989.
0046 Mervyn LeRoy: Mervyn LeRoy, Take One
0047 Jason Jacobs: The Intimate Screen: Early British television drama. Oxford Television Studies, OUP, 2000.
0048 William Boddy: The beginnings of American television in Anthony Smith (ed): Television: An international history, 1995.
0049 Iris: Legal observations of the European Audiovisual Observatory, 1995-.
0050 Matthew Bernstein: Walter Wanger: Hollywood independent, University of Minnesota Press, 2000.
0051 Brighton Herald, 28 January 1899.
0052 Judy Middleton: Film-makers, Cinemas and Circuses at Hove, [self-published] October 2001.
0053 D Robert Elleray: A Refuge from Reality: The cinemas of Brighton & Hove, Hastings: Olio Books, 1989.
0054 James Wood: History of International Broadcasting, Stevenage: Peter Peregrinus/The Science Museum, London, 1994. An interesting book, spoiled by sloppy editing that let through numerous small errors
0055 Motion Picture Herald, 15 June 1940.
0056 Derek Bouse: Wildlife Films, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000.
0057 Tele-Tech & Electronic Industries, July 1954.
0058 Lewis Jacobs: The Rise of the American Film: A critical history, Harcourt, Brace and Company, New York, 1939.
0059 Clayton R Koppes & Gregory D Black: Hollywood Goes to War: Patriotism, Movies and the Second World War from 'Ninotchka' to 'Mrs Miniver', Tauris Parke Paperbacks, London, 2000.
0060 BBC Handbook 1958, British Broadcasting Corporation, London, 1958.
0061 Robert Selvey, head of audience research: BBC internal memo, October 1937.
0062 Independent Television in Britain. Macmillan, Basingstoke, 1982-1990.
a Volume 1. Bernard Sendall: Origin and Foundation, 1946-62
b Volume 2. Bernard Sendall: Expansion and Change, 1958-68
c Volume 3. Jeremy Potter: Politics and Control, 1968-80
d Volume 4. Jeremy Potter: Companies and Programmes, 1968-80
0063 Michael Darlow: Independents Struggle: The programme makers who took on the TV establishment. Quartet Books, London, 2004.
0064 New York Times.
a Jody Rosen: 'Researchers play tune recorded before Edison', 27 March 2008
0065 FIFA (Fιdιration International de Football Association).
0066 Statistics Iceland.
0067 Don Fairservice: Film Editing: History, theory and practice. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001.
0068 Richard Abel: The Cinι Goes to Town: French cinema 1896-1914. Updated and expanded edition. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1998.
0069 James Chapman: Cinemas of the World. London: Reaktion Books, 2003.
0070 Motion Picture Herald. New York: Quigley Publishing Company, 1931-1972.
0071 Richard Abel: The Red Rooster Scare. Making cinema American 1900-1910. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1999.
0072 Luke McKernan (ed): A Yank in Britain: The lost memoirs of Charles Urban. Hastings: The Projection Box, 1999.
0073 Cinema Treasures website.
0074 James Chapman: The British at War: Cinema, state and propaganda 1939-1945. London: I B Tauris Publishers, 1998.
0075 Kine Weekly. London: Kinematograph Publications.
a 12 December 1940
0076 Sarah Street: Transatlantic Crossings: British feature films in the USA. New York/London: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2002.
0077 Margaret Dickinson and Sarah Street: Cinema and State: The film industry and the British government 1927-1984. London: British Film Institute, 1985.
0078 Boxoffice: The pulse of the motion picture industry. Kansas City/New York: Associated Publications, weekly 1920-date.
a 3 May 1952
0079 Gerald R Butters and Gerald R Butters Jr: Banned in Kansas: Motion picture censorship 1915-1966. Kansas City: Univesity of Missouri Press, 2007.
0080 History of British Film.
d Rachel Low, Jeffrey Richards, Roger Manvell: Volume 4: 1918-1929. London: Routledge, revised edn 1997.
0081 David Waterman: Hollywood's Road to Riches. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2005.
0082 Mass Observation (Charles Madge and Tom Harrisson): Britain. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1939 (Penguin Special S19).
0083 Report of the Indian Cinematograph Committee 1927-1928. Calcutta: Government of India Central Publications Branch, 1928.
0084 Screen Digest.